British History 2:
From the French Revolution to World War II
Topic: "Majesties and Royal Highnesses"

by Laura Cenicola & Mareike Aumann

5.3) Answers

  1. Because George's father Frederick died before his father King George II died and so George was next in line of succession to the throne after King George II, who died in 1760.
  2. Lord Bute was the intimate friend of George's mother after George's father died. Lord Bute later served as Prime Minister as well.
  3. Because of the Proclamation in 1763 the 13 colonies in North America were separated from the rest of North America by the boundary called Proclamation line. Westward expansion was not possible anymore and the colonists were foced to trade with the Native Americans. Conflicts between both groups came up when they fought over land ownership and Britain had to intervene more and more often in order to defend the colonies by the uprisings of the Native Americans.
  4. The Stamp Act required all legal documents, permits, commercial contracts, newspapers, wills, pamphlets, and playing cards in the colonies to carry a tax stamp. It caused a deep hatred among the colonists because of the high duties that had to be paid for every document's transport in North America.
  5. Because of the King's mental illness in 1788, Parliament decided that someone else should take over the role of the ruler until George's mental condition would get better. A dispute between Charles James Fox and William Pitt the Younger came up again. Pitt claimed that Parliament should appoint a regent, but Fox argued that the only reasonable and just solution would be to leave that office to the heir apparent, George III's eldest son the Prince of Wales. Prince Frederick, George III's second son, declared Pitt's suggestion as unconstitutional and in 1789 a so called Regency Bill that entitled the heir apparent to act as momentary ruler was set up. Just before the House of Lords could pass the Regency Bill, the King recovered from his disease with the help of his doctor. King George was back to have the full leadership of his country again.
  6. No, it didn't. The Treaty of Amiens was signed in 1802 and it declared peace between Great Britain and France. However, the peace was abolished in 1803, when France and Great Britain again declared war on each other. In 1805 the famous naval Battle of Trafalgar took place and Great Britain finally prevailed over France.
  7. Because George III's hereditary illness worsened seriously in the years that followed after the Battle of Trafalgar, until in 1811 it reached its highest point. He was also said to be blind and almost deaf as well and therefore George III knew himself that he wouldn't have been able to act as regent anymore. Therefore he accepted the Regency Act of 1811, which declared his eldest son, the Prince of Wales, as the momentary ruler. The eldest son of George III acted as Prince regent from 1811 until the death of his father, King George III, on 29th January in 1820. After that he became the official king of Britain.